Axial Flux Motor

An axial flux motor is different from conventional electric motors due to the different path of the magnetic flux. In conventional motors the flux flows radially through the air gap between the rotor and the stator. However in this motor the flux flows parallel to the axle of the motor. This type of rotor is often referred to as a pancake rotor and can be made much thinner and lighter than other types. When quick changes in speed are required, axial flux motors are an ideal choice.

Axial flux machines are classified based on the rotor structure. It is termed an axial flux induction machine if the rotor structure is a squirrel cage; an axial flux surface mounted permanent magnet machine if the rotor is formed by surface mounted permanent magnets; and an axial flux interior PM machine if the rotor has an interior magnet structure. In this paper, the focus will be on axial flux surface mounted PM machines with different rotor configurations but there will be a short review of some other type of AFMs and applications as well.

The basic and simplest axial flux structure is the singlerotor- single-stator structure. The stator consists of a ring type winding embedded in epoxylike material and an iron disc which is manufactured from a simple tape wound iron core. The rotor is formed from a solid steel disc on which the magnets are embedded.

An axial-flux permanent-magnet machine with one-rotor-two-stators configuration has generally a weaker efficiency than a radial-flux permanent-magnet machine if for all designs the same electric loading, air-gap flux density and current density have been applied. On the other hand, axial-flux machines are usually smaller in volume, especially when compared to radial-flux machines for which the length ratio (axial length of stator stack vs. air-gap diameter) is below 0.5.

With a frequency converter, axial flux induction motors are applicable to various pump, compressor, blower or similar applications, where the variable-speed technology shows significant energy savings compared with a fixed-speed (on-off) type drive or other traditional process control methods, such as valves. Because of the obtained energy savings, the VSD technology is well adapted to industrial use, and the number of variable-speed drives is steadily increasing. As for motors, our motors meet the high-efficiency motor (eff1 motor) specifications for electric motors.